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Wes Anderson & Tom Tykwer both have their own distinct style in directing movies. They are able to create exciting, suspenseful and captivating moments. The result is that they are now well-known in American cinema and German cinema. In this essay, we will look at how both directors use a combination editing, audio, and cinematography methods to create different viewer experiences within two similar dramatic moments. The scenes that we will refer to are from The Grand Budapest Hotel 2014 and Run Lola Run 1999. In The Grand Budapest Hotel Gustave (the protagonist) and Zero (the antagonist) are travelling to Lutz by train when the officers try to arrest Zero as he’s a stateless person. In Run Lola Run Lola interrupts her father’s conversation with his co-worker who is having an extramarital affair. She aims a gun in his face and demands money with a manic tone. Use of continuity editing in order to emphasize expressive performances increases and prolongs tension.

Run Lola Run has a series close-up and medium shots which frame each character. The shot cuts between Lola’s father, her female co-worker and the security officer (who had just entered behind Lola). The shots quickly change, giving the audience a tense feeling. Although these edits extend the length of the scene, they create a feeling of speed and rhythm. Lola’s fingers are then shown in close-up. Slow motion magnifies the action and heightens tension. Lola pulling out the trigger is cut closely together with her father avoiding the bullets. Tykwer chooses to show each of these scenes in separate shots instead of showing them all at the same time to increase the intensity. The cuts are a little further apart after the gunshots have been fired, allowing viewers to gather themselves following a dramatic moment. This scene was edited to show a dramatic conflict in an understandable way. The rising intensity was also enhanced by the fact that the character’s facial expressions were still the main focus of each shot. This rhythmic editing was described as an important element in the movie’s energetic feel.

The Grand Budapest Hotel’s train scene uses editing to great effect, allowing the viewer follow the tension as it builds. The three main characters are highlighted in several ‘point-of-view shots’, which allow the viewer the opportunity to see their nervous expressions. Anderson often uses the technique of alternating between “comedy” and “tragic” to create more compelling films. This scene is given a comical edge by these shots. The ‘point-of-view’ shots reveal the hesitation of each character to act. The editing creates a playful and childlike performance. Anderson and Tykwer use their unique editing styles to emphasize other elements that add excitement to the scene, like actor’s expressions and dialogue. These scenes are characterized by the directed performances of actors. They engage the audience. The close-ups of the actors in both scenes enable them to give a captivating experience and incite a growing sense suspense. The Grand Budapest Hotel uses stylised performances to add a sense of humor and soften the intensity. The actors’ operatic gestures suggest the intent of the scene, which is to evoke tension and excitement. Gustave, Zero, and Corporal Muller’s quick and exaggerated movements of the eyes in their close-up shots are hilarious. These actors give a sophisticated performance. They can convey both the seriousness, as well as the absurdity of the comedy in this scene. The actors’ facial expressions, body movements and gestures are similar to a stage performance. Anderson uses contradictory devices to create engaging moments.

Run Lola Run is a stylised film in the opposite sense. Lola (played by Franka potente) is very reserved in this scene, despite the fact that she stormed a bank with a gun on her father’s face. Subtle details of her acting, such as sharp, calculated eyes and defiant, strong body movements, hint at an uncontrollable energy within the young girl. She seems to be too controlled in her performance and is capable of exploding into a frenzy. She exhales rapidly after taking a breath. The viewer will feel the tension as the suspense builds. Her brow is furrowed and her gaze is intensely fixed on the father. Her expression is hardened even after she misses the head of her father. The audience feels no relief at the end. Potente’s performance shows the power and determination of Lola as the main character. These scenes add a new dimension to the actors’ performances. This is done by incorporating sound in these two scenes. It helps the audience to understand the subtle tones. Run Lola Run’s energetic quality is largely due to the sound. The nondiegetic song gets louder and louder with the increasing tension in the scenes. Only the character dialogues are quieter. Tykwer’s use of sound to change the audience’s feelings and increase their anticipation is effective. The sound of Lola pulling on the trigger is accentuated by the music. Loud gunshots are accompanied by the music that builds up in pace. Tykwer’s films are known for their impressive use of sound and music to emotionally connect with the audience. He uses the fast paced and usually ‘passionate electronic dance’ music in this scene to increase the tension and to show the increasing frustration of his protagonist.

Anderson also uses sound to capture the audience’s attention in this scene. Non-diegetic music in this scene is ominous. It reminds us of a marching military band. The comical aspect of the scene is enhanced by the obvious link between the music, the soldiers and the background. As the camera cuts between Gustave’s close-up, Zero’s and Corporal Muller’s, a loud orchestral soundtrack is played. It adds irony and tension to the scene. Diegetic sounds, such as a whistle or a door slamming, are used to signal the end of this climax. The music and all action have frozen. The sounds of the train whistle and the door slamming open introduce Anderson’s tableau vivant shot, which is one of his signature shots. The actors are all frozen, staring directly at the camera in the middle of a conflict. The musical piece that is accompanying the scene has a staccato and rhythmic nature, which adds to the drama of the scene. The sound increases in volume and intensity as the action progresses. At the end of the scene, the sound stops and the actors’ performance is the focus. Both scenes have very different music styles. The first is a dance electronic beat, and the second is a classical piece. They both serve the same purpose in each scene: to create tension and show the increasing suspense.

Wes Anderson’s and Tom Tykwer’s unique approaches to editing, sound design, cinematography, and the mise enscene are what make them so influential. The Grand Budapest Hotel’s and Run Lola Run’s climactic moments have different impact on the audience because they are similar dramatic moments. All of these elements worked together in the director’s style to create drama for the audience. The director’s own decisions in executing these techniques according to the style and narrative of their films were what caused the scenes to evoke two different emotions for the viewers.

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Kazuo Ichiguro’s Never Let Me Go demonstrates how we create hope to overcome harsh realities. Kathy, Ruth and Tommy learn gradually that they will be clones for organ donation, but still hold out hope for an improved future. Romanek’s adaptation of Ishiguro’s never let me go deviates slightly from the novel’s portrayal that hope is essential to accepting reality.

The film’s emphasis on childhood symbols at Hailsham weakens hope development as the clones learn to accept their reality. Romanek has cut out the incident with the pencil case, where Ishiguro displays Ruth’s hope. Ruth wants to feel a bond with her classmates, but she doesn’t want them to think of her as superior. That is why the pencil case represents Ruth. Kathy’s confrontation, in the book, with Ruth, subverts Ruth deception. It robs Ruth of the hope to form emotional bonds. Kathy’s instant regret of exposing the truth on page 60 is more than enough to blame herself. She expresses her guilt at “[upsetting] a dear friend” that had “fibbed only a bit”. Kathy shows Ishiguro how important it is to keep hope alive, despite knowing that Ruth’s hopes are impossible and a forbidden favoritism. Romanek’s version of the novel does not illustrate Ruth’s character’s role in hope by cutting the scene. In the novel, Ruth still has hope, but it is less visible. The film does not convey Ishiguro’s comment about maintaining hope in characters that try to hide it.

Hailsham partially translates hope into the real world by emphasizing the students’ collection. The students of the novel struggle to understand the world and try to find meaning through their collections. They can use the collections to distract themselves from reality and cope. Romanek emphasizes the collections in a series close-up shots to show their importance for the clones, as they give them hope of a fulfilled and happy life even before the film is completed. This symbol communicates more about the dehumanization the clones face and their lower status in society. It does not convey the importance hope. Ruth’s view of the collection is a contrast to Keffers whose perspective represents the reality of this situation. Keffers accepts Ruth’s collection, despite the conflict between reality and hope. Ishiguro uses Ruth’s collection as a symbol to show the youth of the Clone clones. Ishiguro’s remarks on hope and reality are highlighted further by Ruth’s reflections after throwing out her collection. The novel develops the symbolism of the collections, but the film doesn’t do so as well. It focuses instead on societal concerns than on the need for hope.

In addition, Hailsham’s essays aren’t included in the movie. Kathy imagines her writing an essay as she arrives in the Cottages. On page 115, she writes that the essay “helped us stay afloat” despite the “powerful currents pulling us apart.” It is the essay that connects the Hailsham student to their youth. Kathy’s daydreaming displays her youthful optimism and desire to return there to escape the reality of today. Water references further illustrate this attachment to childhood, and the conflict between it and reality. The clones hold on to their essays because they are a representation Hailsham which helps them survive outside the protected school. This statement shows the strength of the clones hope, as they are able to resist “powerful waters” that try to take away their hope. It is without this symbol that the clones are connected to their childhoods. Also, it would not be possible for Kathy to remember her happy youth or all the other clones dismissing the task as a sign of their eventual loss of hope.

By changing the narrative of the novel, it is difficult to communicate the importance of the cassette as a symbol for Kathy’s hope that continues throughout her lifetime. Romanek incorporates Tommy’s purchase of the cassette at a Sale into his adaptation. This changes the tape to a symbol of love between the characters. The significance of the cassette and the film is now more focused on their relationships rather than the dreams and hope that the tape provides. Romanek’s decision to center Kathy’s video around romantic relationships undermines Ishiguro’s comment on the importance of hope in real life.

Ruth, and not Madame in the film is the person who first sees Kathy holding a pillow when listening to a tape. The tape, Ruth believes, represents the secret connection that Kathy and Tommy have with each other. The film’s replacement of Madame with Ruth emphasizes Kathy, Ruth and their competition for Tommy. It also hinders Madame, who views the pillow as an image of a kinder world. Madame’s decreased significance in film diminishes her continuous presence in a novel that serves to remind the clones of their reality. This change has a major impact on Ishiguro’s commentary about hope and truth, since the peaceful scene in the book where Kathy fantasizes is starkly contrasted with Madame’s sobbing. It’s a shockingly real reminder of what reality really is. Ishiguro describes the crying on page 71 that “[jerks Kathy] from [her] dream,” and makes her “[freeze] with shock.” This statement emphasizes the abrupt interruption of reality in Kathy’s fantasies. Ishiguro shows the difference in hope between Kathy and Madame. Kathy is still hopeful because she hasn’t fully grasped what her role is in society. Madame on the other hand is already familiar with the harsh realities. Madame sees in the tape the cruel world that she has experienced, while Kathy sees it as a reminder of her innocence. Kathy’s tape can bring her happiness even though she has grown up and accepted the reality. It represents her childhood innocence. Ishiguro shows that she still has hope and can appreciate small moments of hope like the tape. Ishiguro demonstrates that the ability to have hope is the best way to confront reality. Madame, for example, has no hope when she tells Tommy he must “‘run a course that’s already been set.'” This shows she has given up on hope and is now a victim of society. Romanek loses the tension between the two reactions. The film also loses its commentary on how the clones are human and can hope, even within the strict boundaries of their world.

The film does not include Kathy’s story of losing her tape. The novel introduces a new aspect of hope, the belief that things lost can be recovered. Kathy and Tommy refuse to let go of the memory, hoping to regain their childhood innocence. Kathy, after finding the tape at Norfolk, writes “Judy Bridgewater” on page 181. The strong and lasting relationship she has with her childhood is shown by her statement “My old friends.” It is encouraging to know that you can still find lost items. Kathy is able to maintain this hope all her life. The tape she mentions on page 64 is one of her “most valuable possessions”, and it’s something that she doesn’t “dare play” with her car machine. Ishiguro’s portrayal of Kathy is tinged with fear, which shows how important the tape is. Even though she knows that Kathy’s fantasy is impossible, she still holds onto the tape, which proves its importance to her in both her childhood and adulthood. The film is missing a commentary on how hope can be a motivator to persevere and help us accept harsh realities.

Romanek also doesn’t fully express Ishiguro’s hope that reality will be a continuation of life. The film fails to emphasize Ruth’s secret wish to be able to have a job in an office during the trip to Norfolk. Romanek’s version weakens Ruth’s complex character. Ruth’s enthusiasm is shown more clearly in the adaptation. In the novel, Kathy writes on page. 146 how Ruth “went out of her (way) way” to try to convince her superiors that she wasn’t “very serious” when she said that Ruth was “not really serious”. Romanek’s portrayal of Ruth’s unguarded optimism is more effective than the novel’s attempt to convey her suppressed hopes. Ruth shows this enthusiasm openly to Kathy. The film, as a result of this change, does not show the importance of hope for Ruth. In her novel, Ruth maintains a sense of internal hope despite wanting veterans to see her mature. She does not believe the possible to be a good match but she chooses hope over disbelief. Ishiguro commends Ruth and Kathy for their willingness to keep hope, even in the face of a limited reality. Romanek makes changes that cause the film to lose this acceptance of hope despite realizing there’s no alternative but to accept one’s fate.

Romanek portrays Ruth’s hopes to only a limited degree. Romanek shows Ruth from a window in an office, not following her through Norfolk into the art gallery. Romanek’s portrayal of Ruth’s Hope is therefore limited. While certain shots that show Ruth leaving the window at the end capture Ruth’s slight hope, the decision to reduce the length and condense this trip hinders the film’s ability to convey the relationship with reality. Ruth’s source of primary hope in the novel is now reduced to a mere glimpse of the story.

Romanek’s adaption of Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go has a limited effect on the relationship between the two, because it differs from Ishiguro’s depiction of hope as an essential trait to accept reality. Ishiguro reflected the human response to mortality in the clones’ passivity towards completion. However, Romanek’s novel argues for hope even if death is inevitable. Romanek’s adaptation of Ishiguro’s novel does not capture this message. By altering the narrative, he minimizes symbols of clones’ hopes, thereby reducing their significance.

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The theme of the essay is: Good always conquers evil

Sherlock Holmes has a worldwide reputation. Sherlock Holmes has been an inspiration to many for years. His sharp observational skills and logical reasoning have allowed him to solve even the most difficult of cases. Sadly, this invincible character is a fictional creation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Sherlock Holmes gives people the impression, however, that justice is always won and criminals will be punished and caught. The story’s sensory imagery and dialogue help reinforce the notion that good will always triumph over evil.

The sensory images in “The Adventure of the Speckled Band”, support the fact that Sherlock makes very detailed observations. Sherlock notices every detail of Helen Stoner, even if he only glances at her. Holmes pushed the black frill that fringed the hand of our visitor, which was lying on the knee. Five small livid dots, representing four fingers and one thumb, were etched on the white wrist (Doyle 147). Sherlock is able to tell that the lady has suffered abuse from her stepfather Grimesby. The bruises point to Dr. Roylott’s involvement in the murders of Helen and Julia, Helen’s identical twin sisters. Sherlock’s careful examination of Helen’s house shows that he pays attention to all the details. “He slid down on his back, held his magnifying glass in one hand and crawled rapidly forward and backwards to examine the minute cracks between each board. He did the exact same thing to the woodwork of the wall paneling. Then, he spent some time staring up at the wall and the bed. This quote shows Sherlock’s meticulousness. This trait was also shown in “he [Sherlock] bent down before the wooden seat and examined the chair’s seat with the most attention” (152). Sherlock’s attention to detail is what ultimately helps him solve a case.

This short story is full of dialogue that shows Sherlock’s self-confidence. “‘When doctors make mistakes, they are the first to commit crimes. He is a man of knowledge and nerve. Palmer and Pritchard both ranked high in their respective fields. Watson and I, Watson, think that we may be able to go deeper. In this quote, Sherlock seems to be confident that he will outsmart Dr. Roylott despite him being one of the cleverest criminals. Sherlock’s confidence can be seen when he tells the doctor to “guard himself” because there may be someone more clever than him on his tracks (150). Sherlock’s calmness also shows his confidence. “I’d be most grateful if I could slip the revolver into my pocket. . . The tooth-brush and that are what I believe we’ll need. Sherlock’s casual way of telling Watson to bring his toothbrush gives the impression that everything is under control and that there is no danger. Sherlock’s confidence makes it seem like he is able to overcome any obstacle and beat any criminal.

The conclusion of the “Adventure of the Speckled Band,” reveals that Sherlock has finally defeated the antagonist of the novel, Dr. Roylott. “The moment we heard the news, Holmes leapt out of bed, lit a candle, and struck furiously with the cane against the bell-pull. . . I was shocked to hear the loudest scream of my life suddenly break through the silence. . . Sherlock, with his quick reaction, forced the snake to go back where it came from. It then bit Dr. Roylott and ended the whole ordeal. Sherlock, through his quick response, forced the serpent to return to the place it had come from. The snake then bit Dr. Roylott to end the entire ordeal. Sherlock says at the end of the story, “Some blows from my walking cane roused this snake’s snakish mood, and it flew towards the first person it encountered.” This is how I indirectly caused the death of Dr. Grimesby Roylott, but I can’t say it will weigh heavily on my conscience. In this quote, Sherlock is implied to not regret what he did. The end of this story appears to suggest that evil will eventually be punished, as well as that Dr. Roylott has earned his fate.

The story, with its sensory imagery, dialogues, and ending, promotes a naive idea that the good will always triumph. It is rare that this happens in real life. Many cases are there where the villains escape justice and never are caught. Many times, the evil is able to defeat good. Sherlock Holmes’ stories and his many feats are a source of comfort to anyone who reads them.

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Table of Contents


People in a story



Motifs, symbols

To wrap it up

Harry Porter and The Sorcerer’s Stone, a British-American film released in 2001. Chris Columbus is the director of this fantasy film. The movie was based on J. K. Rowling’s Harry Porter, The Sorcerer’s Stone. This is the best part of Harry Potter! Because I find it difficult to choose a book, I tend to reread those I’ve already read. The Lord of The Rings was based on J. R. Tolkien’s novel The Lord of The Rings. Peter Jackson produced and directed the movie. Since their release, the two movies have been hugely popular. The two fictional stories are a subject of much debate. In the essay that follows, we will compare and contrast elements from two fictional stories.

PlotBoth movies revolve around a magical, imaginary and superficial world. Harry Potter’s plot revolves around a young, orphaned, poor boy who must defeat an evil force to save his world. In the same way, Frodo had to defeat an evil force in Lord of The Rings. Harry Potter killed Dark Lord Voldemort. Frodo defeated Dark Lord Sauron. The Harry Potter series is for young adults, while Lord of the Rings is an adventure epic that’s not for everyone and has an upper age limit. Harry Potter has a plot that revolves around Harry’s life and how he deals with problems in his everyday life. Lord of the Rings, on the other hand covers the stories of nine characters and their stories after they have been separated. The writer creates a whole new mythical universe for the viewers.

CharactersIn each movie, characters have human traits that make it easy for the audience to connect with them. Both movies feature mentors for the protagonists. Both movies have mentors that help bring calm to the scenes of the movies when everything seems lost. Harry Potter’s and Frodo’s stories are similar. Both were orphans. They both found themselves in a magical realm they had no knowledge of. Harry was required to fight The Dark Lord Voldemort. Frodo must have traveled to Mount Doom in order to cast The One Ring to defeat Darklord Sauron. Both of the main antagonists share many similarities. Both Sauron & Voldemort aimed for total control & power. The objects they used had their power instilled into them, which enabled them to survive after both stories started, even though the object was destroyed. Voldemort was the owner of the horcruxes and Sauron owned one ring. Both Dark Lords were fearsome to mention.

SettingIn the Harry Porter and the Sorcerer’s stones movie, the setting is described without the need for useless Jargon. The school’s image was created by the producer at the start of the film, as the story unfolded. The Lord of the Rings is a movie that has characters moving through many different locations as the story develops. This movie’s setting requires more depth because it doesn’t include the real Earth. This story’s writer tries to bring a little bit of reality into the setting. In order to give the setting an old-world feel, he gives it a vintage look. In Harry Potter’s story, the castle is still there, but the story takes place in the present.

ThemesThe two films have very different themes. Harry Potter & The Sorcerer’s Stone focuses on themes of love and death. The Lord of The Rings is a traditional epic movie with a more conventional context. It is a story that deals with many themes, including good and evil, immortality and death, hope and desperation, as well as knowledge and enlightenment. The Lord of the Rings theme of magic, for example, is reflected. However it’s not something to celebrate but rather to shun and destroy. Aragorn, Boromir and other characters are asked to stay away from the magic powers of the ring. Boromir is killed after he seeks the power of the ring. Harry Potter And The Sorcerer’s Sword, on the contrary, treats the same subject of magic very differently. The movie’s human characters encourage and accept sorcery and magic. Conclusion: Some themes in both movies may appear similar, but they are interpreted in different ways.

Motifs And SymbolsThe Lord of The Rings includes a variety of symbols like the ring, Sauron’s great eye and even the Minas Tirith. The ring symbolizes the evil that is shown in the film. Similarly, the great-eye of Sauron represents the elusiveness of evil. The movie has a number of themes, including geography, race and appearance. The writer, for example, uses the journey as a symbol of human experience. Other races like elves and humans are also used. Orcs and Hobbits are used as a way to display the diverse nature of the realm. Harry Potter’s Sorcerer Stone, on the other hand describes muggles in a non-magical world. This is in contrast with wizards that are known for having magical powers. Dursleys, who are cruel and selfish people, are an example of a muggle. Harry’s scar represents certain unique and amazing facts about Harry, which he had no idea. The scar is an honor because it shows that he was able to survive a major battle.

ConclusionAlthough both stories were written decades apart, viewers can still compare their components because of the genres of fantasy in the two films. The movies all revolve around a fantasy-based concept. The concepts of the two stories are different, but they share similar storylines. Both movies can reflect some concepts, but they are viewed from different perspectives because of their conflicting stories. The main theme of the film was dealing with the evils that were reflected. The comparisons and differences that are made in the discussion above encompass both.

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Oprah Winfrey has been one of the most powerful and influential African American women in this millennium. Oprah is well-known for many things. Oprah has a fortune in the billions. Winfrey, a popular talk show host and influencer in the world, is more than just a famous personality. She has set an example for women and girls of her generation.

Oprah wields a lot of influence over the culture and social life in today’s society. Oprah has a lot of power over our society and culture. Oprah has also been known to be an activist. In the early 1990s her childhood experience of abuse was part of what motivated her. Winfrey “led a movement to create a list of child abusers who had been convicted.” The Oprah Bill was signed into law by President Clinton in 1993. Winfrey, through her private charity and grants she has provided to women around the globe who are pursuing education.

Oprah uses her celebrity status to make a difference in the lives of others. She donates money for women’s education and helps convict those who abuse children. Winfrey gave $40 million in addition to her time and effort for the establishment of The Leadership Academy for Girls, near Johannesburg. The academy was opened in January, with 152 pupils. Oprah says that she does what she was created to do – change lives. “Oprah was born to be a salesperson. She has the power to sell products, causes, and ideas. Winfrey makes the most of her fame and power, making sure that she’s noticed.

Oprah is unique in television and the entertainment industry. Oprah Winfrey has been the subject of many shows that have attempted to imitate her television style. But Oprah Winfrey remains unique. Winfrey’s empire will continue to grow for generations. Her empire includes her talk show and book club, as well as a website, magazine, radio station, personal growth tours on YouTube, Facebook, and an OWN cable television network. All of Winfrey’s components have helped her become not only the “most trustworthy brand name” of America but “the Queen of All Media,” Forbes stated when it ranked Winfrey 234th in its list of global billionaires.

Oprah Winfrey is a major influencer of African American culture. She has also paved the way for African Americans to be successful in the entertainment industry and as women. She has a greater influence on society and culture than most celebrities.

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As a Directioner/fan (the term for one direction fans), I value the success and happiness of my boys. Even when they are pursuing their own solo projects or making personal choices. I believe that all of the boys are equally gifted and necessary for One Direction’s success. They all have their own eras, but no boy is prettier than another. I also accept the fact that they will marry and date soon. I also ask that the boys not cyberbully their partners, stalk them, or give out any information. Accept that boys may not like women, but could also prefer men. Add to that, don’t pressure the boys to declare their sexuality. Defensive remarks or actions by a family member should not be criminalized. They are only responsible for their own words and actions. I love them all equally. The solos of the boys do not show which one is better. Their music and friendship are wonderful.

Fans of One Direction only care about the boys’ appearance and accent. They wouldn’t have been successful if they weren’t British and good-looking. These are pretty boy bands with no musical talent. They do not know what an earphone jack is, nor could they care less about music. Harry Styles is a guitarist who can be considered a real musician. Half of them can’t sing at all. It’s impossible to sing songs without auto-tune. And what boyband isn’t able to dance? What makes sense is that they’re the best boyband on the planet if you can’t even dance. It’s wrong to say that one direction was the greatest band of all time. Led Zeppelin The Beatles Queen and other pioneering bands were used as inspiration.

Their music is not written by them, and they do not play any instruments. The music they make is aimed only at young girls. The songs are sappy and manipulative, making gullible teenage girls feel special. One Direction are not a real band. Instead, they represent a brand that uses aggressive marketing to get young girls to buy expensive products. The Beatles were not organic, they are a product of a large company that is marketed for profit. They are also always compared with the Beatles. It is not mature to threaten and get angry at people because they do or don’t enjoy their music. It’s not likely that everyone will like their music. Stop acting like you’re the greatest band on the planet because you’re not. Their fandom was so toxic that they attacked everyone on social media until they deleted their accounts.

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Toyota’s goals for operations are affected both by internal as well as external factors. Do you feel that Toyota’s operations are more affected by external or internal factors?

Operational goals are focused, specific targets for the Operations Management function in an organization. Operations management refers to the use of resources by an organisation in order for it to provide goods and services that are right for customers.

As firms need to ensure that their operational goals are consistent, they can be influenced or determined by internal factors. The chances of the business’s overall goals not being met are high if they don’t match. Toyota’s main goal is to give customers the best quality and lowest cost at the shortest lead time, all while minimising their environmental impact. As such, Toyota will base its operational objectives on efficiency and environment. Toyota’s goals are to improve efficiency and reduce environmental impact. They have set their operational objectives accordingly. They would have set different operational goals if their corporate aims had been different (for instance, to be most profitable). Overall, corporate aims are important because they determine and decide what the operational targets should be.

External factors are also important in influencing operational objectives for businesses such as the environmental legislation/pressures from the government and consumers. Businesses that are eco-friendly can benefit from certificates and rewards. Other businesses may not. Toyota and other car companies are increasingly focusing on this eco-friendly feature. Both the government and consumers have pushed businesses to adopt it. Toyota has established a number of new operational targets based around the environment, including a reduction in emissions by 50%. Toyota may have been motivated by the environmental costs and benefits associated with being more eco-friendly. Environmentally friendly objectives are not always in line with corporate goals, especially for smaller firms and firms looking to maximize profits. Toyota has won numerous awards for their investment. Big Tick has gained a great reputation and no doubt increased demand.

A firm’s resources and product can also have an impact on operational objectives. Different markets (niche vs mass) can also create different goals. Toyota is known for its successful and profitable business. Toyota also has an easy-to-mass produce product, which makes it a good candidate to be a mass producer. Toyota is able to achieve ambitious goals through their expensive and good training/HR. This is how they have set their objective to “never transfer poor quality from one member to another” and this has been a result of their human resources system. Toyota’s goals have evolved or changed as a result of its resources, size and other factors.

The technology factor can also influence the level of ambition and, in some cases, determine it. Because technology is improving, it’s possible to do more improvements. This will save you money in the long run but also help improve/influence the business’s goals. Toyota considers this to be a key factor when it comes to influencing their operational goals. Their long-term goal is to maximize efficiency and to achieve this, they need to add a lot of technology to the process. They have introduced more energy-efficient cars and reduced the time needed to change models. The business can save money by reducing waste and implementing the 5R’s. The more advanced technology is, the better a company can perform and the lower the costs. This influences how far they can reach their goal and how realistic their operational goals can be.

As a conclusion, both internal and external factors affect operational objectives in varying degrees. For instance, the pressures of the environment and the positive reputation that would come from being more environmentally friendly could cause a business to have eco-friendly goals. Toyota is an automobile company, so I’d say external factors are more important to them than other businesses. Despite this, I feel for most businesses that internal influences are more important. They may even have an impact on the overall goals of the business. Overall, it would seem that internal goals would be a more significant factor for most companies when determining their objectives. However I believe for Toyota and many other car manufacturers, recent developments in technology and the changing environment will have an impact on the company’s operational objectives.

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The Disney Princesses have been idolized by little girls for years. Disney Princesses are not good role models, despite the fact that they teach valuable lessons. These Disney Princesses generated a fantasy, a world of illusions for young girls. The movies’ backstory was filled with unrealistic expectations, physicality and beliefs.

Halberstam’s claim goes against Disney movies’ usual themes. Halberstam argues in cartoons, such as Finding Nemo & Chicken Run, that the message isn’t to be yourself, but rather to do everything you can to build a better society. Remember that children are rebellious and do not understand death, love or failure. The term “princess”, as we know it today, was first used in 1924. It was used for someone who was admirable or kind. Ariel’s willingness to undermine her dad’s authority, or Belle’s willingness to exchange her father with Ariel are both popular among girls. Ariel’s beauty is used to seduce Prince Eric in The Little Mermaid. Ariel’s inability to speak makes Eric fall for her. This film has a hidden message: Guys fall in loves with girls who are quiet. The movie shows that girls do not need to voice their opinion on anything. Silence is key to attracting men. Hence, these films are so popular because of their opposition to such ideas.

Halberstam explained that when people come together, they can be influenced by cartoons. I gave The Chicken Run as an example, where female chickens formed a group to escape the male chickens. Instead of seeing queer people as singularities, she suggested viewing them collectively. Disney Princesses were a major influence in children’s lives, and I believe this is true for other cartoons. I’m certain that many girls will say that Disney Princesses were their idols in childhood. It was me; I believed that I would automatically become more mature and be able solve all problems. Ariel’s fight with her father, and Eric’s reaction to it, made me think that it was okay at times to disregard my parents. Ariel was a wonderful person, and she should be respected. After I became older, Disney movies seemed to be incredibly flawed. In fact, Disney movies ruin girls rather than helping them. Disney princesses provided girls with things other films or shows couldn’t. Hope. We thought they were living happily everafter, and as we grew older we thought: we can too. Disney movies are fun for children, but once you reach adulthood you realize that it is illogical to think you can follow in their footsteps.

Unfortunately, many children are taught that everything can be sold. It is their wishes and desires that will bring them happiness. They think that their desires and wishes are more important than the relationships they value. They learn that people will only show them love and respect if they provide these wants. Not always. Disney’s chronicle of stereotypes is a dismal one. Particularly, the challenging narratives and classifications of women. Snow White was the innocent slave of her evil stepsister. Aurora, from Sleeping Beauty is next. She’s comatose throughout the film and finds her true love. Ariel, who is comatose for most of the movie and ends up with her true love. Peggy Orenstein says that princesses were once associated with fairytale magic. But now, “the definition of femininity is being narrowed.”

Many people wish The Disney Princesses would be gone. Disney’s most popular brand is not going to disappear. If it hasn’t done so already, the franchise will soon become the biggest for girls. People dislike the word “Princess”, as it represents a limited definition of femininity. Disney Princesses are a big influence on young people’s self-image.

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Ground Hog Day tells the story of a Pittsburgh-based news reporter, Phil Connors. Phile had to write a report on Groundhog Day about a groundhog who also went by the name Phile. Phil went on with his day as usual after he finished the report. The following morning, Phil woke at 6am as usual and was surprised to hear the same radio station playing “I Got You Babe”. Phil was puzzled by the fact that he kept experiencing the same thing day after day. He thought he was free to do whatever he wanted because his days were not changing. No one would stop him. He was soon tired of the same days and tried to commit suicide. None worked so he decided to try and change his ways. After many days of helping others and being more nice, the day changed.

Question: Why would Phil change his lifestyle?

Phil didn’t want to live the same life every day. He found it boring. Phil was tired from doing the wrong things and tried to end his own life because it didn’t work. That’s why he began to change and help others so that his day would be different.

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Michael Moore produced, wrote, and directed the documentary Bowling for Columbine. Its purpose is to make people aware of the gun control issue. The documentary centers on the 1999 Columbine High School massacre, in which two ex-students killed 16 people with cold blood and injured another 21. The movie looks at gun laws in America and the absence of gun legislation. Bowling for Columbine displays a critical, anti-political and persuasive viewpoint that ‘lies for the truth’ in order to raise awareness of this issue.

As is the case with many films that deal with sensitive topics, there are a number of views about this documentary. The views are mainly based on the amount of truth in the documentary. The film uses persuasive methods to encourage the audience, who are familiar with these issues in America, to accept what they present as ‘truth.’ In Bowling For Columbine, the film investigates exaggerated images of Americans and the gun control laws. Moore uses juxtaposition and witty remarks to his advantage to make the film’s theme of people killing each other seem less serious.

Moore starts his bias right from the beginning. Moore begins the movie at a branch of a financial institution, which gives him a handgun upon opening an account. He asks a series of questions mocking the bank employees. For example, “Don’t You Think It’s A Little Dangerous Handing Out Guns At A Bank?”. The employees are not allowed to reply. Moore uses these techniques to mock the employees, and to deceive viewers in order to achieve his goal of incompetently demonstrating the ‘truth.’ Moore also uses music and songs to evoke emotion in his viewers. In the montage ‘What a Wonderful World”, the iconic Louis Armstrong song plays over photos and videos that show America’s previous decisions relating violence and war. The song is a mockery of the American government. It implies that our world, despite its beauty, is actually a world full of violence and death. The videos showing people being shot, dying and carrying American-made weapons give the impression of a government that is mismanaged. This is done to divert the attention of his audience from the political leaders and towards his own views.

Moore uses different techniques to reinforce that gun-control is a major problem. The 911 emergency calls are played over the slow-motion video of the Columbine High corridors. The scene was deliberately crafted to give the impression that the viewer is a Columbine High student. They feel sorrow and grief over the victims of the shooting. The video switches to CCTV footage of the cafeteria the day before the shooting. It shows shots being fired, explosions, panicked students hiding underithe tables, and fires beginning. This scene is crucial in that it makes the audience feel frightened, angry and distraught. It reinforces the argument for gun control.

The film continues with a clip featuring ex NRA leader Charlton Heston screaming “from me cold dead hand” while holding a firearm in front a large crowd. Moore narrates the clip explaining that despite protests from the grieving locals, the NRA still held a pro gun demonstration in Denver just 10 days after the shooting. Charlton Heston’s five words were not shouted on this occasion. They were uttered a full year later in another event. The “NRA Meeting after the Flint Shootings” took place over a half-year after. In order to change the audience’s perception, the filmmaker portrays Hestonias as a bad guy by using illusions to create a false reality.

The following scene shows the film maker visiting Charlton Heston to conduct an interview. Moore poses as an enthusiastic “lifetime NRA member” to get into the interview. He then criticizes Heston without warning. Heston doesn’t always answer Moore’s question during the interview. Moore took advantage of this by adding relentless remarks to Heston’s opinions. Moore has been labelled a coward by some for using Charlton’s Alzheimer’siDisease to his advantage. Heston leaves Moore after the interview ends. This misunderstanding of real-life is used to illustrate the negative NRA point of view. He integrates it in the final act, leaving the audience with a reflection.

The film Bowling For Columbine has a global audience. Moore’s goal was to educate people who did not know the reasons for gun violence in America. The director used a variety of techniques to gain the trust and attention of his audience. The purpose is to confuse and keep the audience’s attention. The movie, which is an hour and fifty seven minutes long, is a combination of explosive and shocking newsflashes, bizarre circumstances, frustrated interviewees and sardonic turns. It is a documentary for millennials to raise awareness about the state of gun ownership and control in the United States. Moore also uses prejudicial and analytical techniques to convince the audience that his viewpoint is better than the NRA or Charlton Heston. Moore was ridiculed because he edited the film for his purpose, which wasn’t the documentary genre. However, it still supported his point of view and raised awareness of this serious issue.

Moore marginalises according to his goal. Moore is not giving pro-gun lovers enough time to share their views. Moore mocks people in his voiceovers and edits the answers to his queries to make sure they do not impact on his desired state of mind. The issues he raises are important, even if his methods are disputed. He shows a lot of anti-gun opinions, but still lets viewers form their own opinions. He asks rhetorical question to make the audience reflect on what they are seeing.

Does Moore accurately represent American society? Does Moore’s film portray American society accurately? Is he entitled to criticism for his filming techniques? Bowling for Columbine may be a well-organized documentary, which raises important issues within a politically controlled culture. It lets the viewer reflect on their experience, something many modern-day documentaries do not.

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