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My essay will discuss the representation of women within the narratives of two films I chose, Pretty Woman (1990), Erin Brockovich (2000). I will be exploring how Vivian, Vivian’s main character, and Erin, as well as the supporting stars like Kit (Vivian’s prostitution best friend)and Theresa Dallavale. Additionally, I will be examining the portrayal of women in films as inferior sex. These representations often depend on cultural, education, and age. This is how Pretty Women, Erin Brockovich, and other aspects of the story are represented.

Based on a true story, Erin Brockovich (2000) was made. Erin is a single, unemployed mother who has been divorced twice and is trying to find work after her personal injuries lawsuit. Her lawyer Ed Masry helps her to find a job. Her provocative clothing and foul-mouthed manner make it difficult for anyone to take her seriously. When Erin begins to investigate a suspicious case involving Pacific Gas and Electric Company regarding pollution that has led to overwhelming illness in residents, attitudes change. The story is structured in five acts. Pretty Woman (1990), is the story of Vivian, who is a prostitute. Edward meets Vivian to make her a husband. Edward hires Vivian and they begin to get closer. They discover that they must overcome many obstacles to be together. It’s modern Cinderella. Pretty Woman follows the same narrative structure as Erin Brockovich.

Vivian and Erin are both strong women in the films. Both have strong identities. However, some would argue Vivian is depicted as a helpless women while Erin, on the other hand, is shown as an independent heroine who is hardworking and determined.

Erin is the underdog at the beginning of the film. This is a role that women often play in classic novels and melodramas.

Brockovich introduces herself to the audience, a single mother struggling and unsuccessfully looking for work. Shortly thereafter, Brockovich is injured when her car gets hit by another vehicle. Brockovich thus becomes a victim in the film’s opening five minutes. (Roth 2004: 54).

As Erin’s story unfolds, our attitudes change. We sympathize and feel sympathy for her story. Despite her offensive appearances, viewers still want her to succeed.

Many of her coworkers are offended by Erin’s provocative outfits. They are hostile to Erin and refuse to include her. They see Erin’s short skirts and low-cut tops as evidence that she is not capable of performing her job. Although she doesn’t wear the typical business attire, Erin looks more like a prostitute than a businesswoman. Elaine Roth claims that Brockovich’s female coworkers are ‘busybodies’ who criticize her unprofessional outfits in I Just Want to Be a Decent Citizen. (Roth 2004: p57)

This implies that women might be critical of their female coworkers, and may not support them based on how they dress. This is her negative portrayal of her business co-workers women because of her behavior towards them. This is clearly evident in the scene when Erin gets excluded from lunch because she “Is Not One of the Girls”.

Erin is dismissed by her work colleagues, as well as Theresa Dallavale who is the new Hinkley lawyer. Dallavalle is mocked in the film for not being able to understand the Hinkley residents. Erin, however, does. Dallavalle is distinguished from the Hinkley residents by her clothing. The residents are afraid of her suit and tie. Her clothing not only makes her feel disconnected but it also puts her in a disadvantageous class, making her unable exemplify downtrodden sympathy. People might see in Theresa’s criticism of Erin’s research that it has holes in it that Theresa is loyal to the working-mature domain.

She declares her symbolic allegiance to the white professional male world with her body and dress.

‘ Bordo (2003: p208)

Erin, throughout the film, rejects any such alliance. Erin’s clothing makes it easy for her to relate with these people. Erin uses the fact that she is a single mom to bond with the people. She uses her body as a tool to attract and manipulate the attention of men in order to obtain information.

“Brockovich’s relationship with Hinkley’s people is based not only on social class but also emotional connections. Dallavale, however remains an outsider of the upper-middle-class and well-educated upper-middle class. (Roth 2004: p57)

The stereotypical businesswoman is hated by the audience. Erin is portrayed as annoying and alienating. These working-class women are portrayed as a negative stereotype in the narrative.

“The film encourages its viewers not to like this working woman and portrays her as unmaternalized, asexual, and humorous. (Roth 2004: p57)

This contrasts with the formality and respect shown by all men, including lawyers and doctors. The films show a marked difference in how men are presented.

Pretty Woman can also be judged on the basis of clothing and class. Many people consider Vivian a dirty, rude and easy-going woman. Anderson agrees with my proposal.

“Vivian is a good person and has avoided the worst of her business, including drugs, pimps, abuse, and disease…she doesn’t cause the pain that is usually associated with a position like this” (Anderson 2001: 65).

Many see her as a person despite her beliefs. This is evident in the scene where she is trying on new clothes to become a princess. The scene depicts Vivian’s status as a prostitute. This is where the performance and conversation play an important role. She is treated with hostility by them. Vivian doesn’t want to be there and is asked by the sales associate to leave. They view her as lower-class, and feel they are superior to her. This scene portrays women very poorly. Both Vivian and Vivian see the film as a negative representation of working women. The sales associates are depicted in a cruel, upper-class way as women who are trying to exert their social status.

“Although emphatic cooperation may be possible between women from less favored classes, women are shown as willing to trample on each other as they climb the social ladder. (Greenberg, 1991)

Greenberg’s comments in the shopping scenes support the notion that the narrative is against women. They decide to support one another instead of working together to improve themselves. As she mocks the clerk in the store, we again see the woman against the women. It doesn’t matter how thrilling and triumphant it is to watch Vivian take revenge on the sales clerk, this narrative is telling us that women can be against each other and that we don’t need to keep our sisterhood bonds.

It portrays Vivian, a courageous and intelligent woman, as a hooker-happy girl. The film also portrays Kit as a prostitute, which is a bad thing. Kit is the bad guy in this story, because Vivian follows her down this path. Kit is unaware of the consequences of prostitution. Vivian is shown as a less attractive, unwise, and hardened slut. Kit is shown as a tough woman with low self-esteem. Kit refuses to accept the status of a prostitute. The film contains many symbols that show this. Anderson agrees with me when he mentions Winne The Pooh. Kit is a symbol of a young girl who cares deeply about her.

‘Conspicuous differences are evident in Kit de Luca’s image. Kit de Luca isn’t content with her profession, but she also uses drugs, sleeping with a Pooh bear. It is clear that Kit’s ‘little girl’ side is still fighting for her place among the streetwalkers. Contrary images such as this one are all over the film. (Anderson, 2001: p69)

Vivian, Kit and their sisterhood look out for each other. This is evident in the dialogue “Take Care of You”. This is an indication of protection between them.

These words are a simple way to describe Kit, who is otherwise portrayed as an uncaring person who spends rent money and uses drugs. Kelly however disagrees with Kit’s kindness. Kelly still considers Kit a heartless person in A Modern Cinderella. “Kit seems to not be a very kind friend. Vivian is forced to prostitution and she is told by Kit that Vivian is in love. Kit’s behavior is reckless and careless. (Kelly, 1994: p92)

Kelly said Kit is not the most friend, but I disagree with Kelly’s assertion that Kit doesn’t care about sisterhood and she does not care. We see Kit worrying when Vivian gets into trouble. She also supports Vivian’s decision to run away to Edward so she can finally leave her hooker lifestyle. We also see the genuine affection between them when they separate. They do show sisterhood in the film. Both characters show signs of love and care for each other. Kit’s narrative shifts and is better presented at the ending. Vivian is always supportive of Kit’s self-esteem. She encourages her ambitions and shows her respect. Kit finally earns the respect of the viewer when she decides to give up her life on the streets in favor of beauty school. Both films portray women’s power but are constantly shadowed and dominated by men. Karol Kelly claims that in A Modern Cinderella the men hold superior positions to the women.

Kelly’s thought is right on the money. Kelly can also be seen in the film as patriarchal dominance. Vivian is portrayed as weak and vulnerable in the plot, while her counterparts are strong and powerful. It is here that the men rescue Vivian most often in the story. This occurs many times. We see it in the scene that Vivian faces when she is having difficulty finding expensive clothes. Barney, the hotel manager saves Vivian. He makes her look like a princess and helps her buy a dress. Many believe he represents the characteristics of Vivian’s fairy godmother, as shown in Cinderella.

Barney Thompson, a hotel manager, or Edward, with his credit card, must save Vivian. Edward helps Vivian to escape Phil, her lawyer’s rape. She is also helped in this by Mr. Morse and the taxi driver. (Kelly, 1994: p90)

Kelly has shared many instances where Vivian had to be saved, and she also felt Vivian was a victim. In the above mentioned scenes, Kelly portrays Vivian as an insecure damsel in distress. The film’s narrative also shows that women are less powerful than the men. None of the female characters has authority.

“Edward is a male businessman who works with lawyers, bankers and executives. He is also a female telephone operator. Vivian provides services for women… The managers of the hotel and stores are men. Sales clerks are female. This illustrates the purpose of women working for superior men and is more valued. Even today, women are usually paid less than men (Iftkhar 2011, 2011).

While the Erin Brockovich film portrays women in stereotypical ways, it also shows men as the lawyer, doctor, and judge. While women are the underdog, Donna Jenson, a plaintiff, is the one who is strong, courageous, and determined to help her. The narrative portrays men as more powerful and in higher positions than women. Erin’s accident in her car is an example of this. Although the audience is aware that Erin’s car accident was caused by a white male doctor, the judge agree with him due to his gender, authority and gender. It is clear that the females are shown as weaker regardless of their social status.

“This fast sequence also reveals a class division central the film’s narrative and the film’s desire to align itself for disenfranchised citizens. The film’s second sequence begins with a car accident.

‘The rich cause the bodies and souls of the poor’. (Roth 2004, p54) Kurt Potter and Ed Masry are both doctors and judges. All of these men also have significant influence on Pretty

Women were more powerful than men. Erin’s story is different. All these men are wrong when Erin wins the Hinckley case, and is even promoted higher than other men. Vivian’s story is not changing. Vivian will forever be seen as weaker and less than Edward. This is illustrated in the closing scene, where Vivian gives her hopes and dreams of being a better person to Edward. Elizabeth Scala stated that this scene was disappointing for many feminists because it shows Vivian giving herself up to Edward. Edward climbs out from her window and all her previous beliefs, visions, potential and dreams are lost. Edward asks “So, Edward, how did he rescue her from the tower?” Vivian confidently answers, “She rescues Edward right away.” While this narrative’s intent has been appreciated by many, they are not accepting it. (Scala, 1999: p38)

We have seen that both films don’t portray women well. It shows that women need to be themselves before they are respected. This is why the men have to prove it, but the women don’t. The dominant male is represented as the inferior woman. We see Erin being more respected by her coworkers than Vivian over the years. The films become more sophisticated and portray women as stronger, more authoritative, and more powerful. But, how long will this last?

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I’m beginning to understand John Denver’s speech after listening and reading the speech several times. Although I initially thought he was advocating music censorship, I began to think that he is actually advocating against the censorship and censorship. John Denver begins the speech by expressing his gratitude for the opportunity to address the chairman and committee. He also explains how it is an honor to be able to express his opinions and voice his opinion in public. John spoke about the barriers he faced at the beginning. He had to have his own music blocked.

The song Rocky Mountain High was previously banned from radio stations and censored as a drug-related reference. Denver’s true meaning was not understood by those who censored the song. The main storyline of this song is about the feeling of being in Rocky Mountains. John points out the benefits of music not being censored. He talked about how music becomes more interesting when it is not available or denied. Hediscussed how when something is withheld or denied it becomes the most interesting. They may lose interest in the subject matter if they only hear it. After a short introduction, Denver jumps into the main topic of the speech and presents a few solutions or suggestions. John suggests that explicit lyrics and videos can be seen on TV every day. He thinks it is absurd to blame the music industry for explicitlanguage while still watching the same thing on national TV. It’s the same children who are listening to these songs, and it’s all over television. He believes that parents can take responsibility for their children’s education. They needto pay attentionto their interests, needs, and to see that their parents have greater influence on us than any other factor, including music.

John relies on the evidence provided by the people he has had the chance to talk to to support his claims. He’s had the opportunity to speak with troubled kids and their feelings were that they are frustrated by their lives. This is due to their inability to communicate well with their parents. These kids are unable to see or understand any future due to nuclear threat. They don’t believe that anything will improve; they cannot see the future as being more financially rewarding for small farmers or small businesses. This is partly related to his mainsubject matter. It isn’t the media or music that causes trouble in children’s lives, it is their parents.

Music is going to be more appealing to these children than being censored. They will feel more engaged and motivated to hear it. This speech is very interesting. After introducing himself, he then goes straight to facts and evidence. The part that he used to refer to the Chairman in his speech is the one where he said, “Mr. Chairman, the censorship and writing of the spoken or written word is what I consider the root of suppression of people in a society. In Nazi Germany, it was the same.

It is true today in many places where the powerful are afraid of the effects of educated people.” Although I initially didn’t understand his meaning and how they could be associated, I have since come to understand it. He claims that being too educated and smart is viewed negatively in certain countries.

The government doesn’t want to lose too many intelligent and educated people who might be able to advocate for the government. There are many parts and ideas to this speech that tie together. Denver manages to connect all these aspects of his life to the issue of music censorship and how a small act of taking away freedom could lead to a larger problem. It’s better to leave music the way it is.

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Table of Contents

The Breakfast Club

John Bender

Erik Erikson’s view

Marcia’s personality characterization

Relationships with parents and siblings

Role of Romantic Relationships and Friendships

The Breakfast Club

John Hughes’ 1985 film The Breakfast Club shows five high school students going through highschool. The teenagers are faced with difficulties which lead to Saturday detention. Each high-school student comes from a different world. John Bender, Claire, Brian, Allision, Andrew and Andrew all come from different backgrounds. The student’s supervising teacher, Mr. Richard Vernon gives them a one hundred-word essay in order to express their beliefs. Mr. Vernon, a strict teacher, is not open to students talking to one another. He even verbally acts JohnBender. The teenage drama starts once Mr. Vernon is gone. John Bender is a rebel and bullies other students. Each student eventually learns to share their secrets, which helps others see them differently. John Bender comes to us from a hard home, Claire has been pushed around by peers, Brain is contemplating suicide, Allision a compulsive lying liar, Andrew is struggling to think for himself. Students also realize they have bad relationships with their parents. They realize they have more in common with their parents and end up becoming friends.

John Bender

Five students are featured in the film, all of whom face life crises. However, John Bender is the main character. John Bender shows no respect for teachers at the beginning. Bender enjoys making people feel uncomfortable. He ridicules Andrew for wrestling, humiliates Brain’s sex, and sexually harasses Claire. He never mentions Allision but actually supports her at one point. Bender’s private life is revealed by the other detainees. He informs his classmates about his father’s addiction and abuse. His father lit a cigarette and he burns his arm. It was punishment for the paint he had poured in the garage. Bender is also shown as smart and athletic throughout the film, but he doesn’t seem to be interested in extracurricular activities. Overall, Bender is seen as the rebel within the group. However, he eventually opens up and shares his feelings.

Erik Erikson’s view

Erik Erikson defines the psychosocial crises as “individual identification versus identity confusion” during adolescence. According to the textbook this crisis is caused by bringing together all the components of the self. This includes changing perspectives on the inner world and new social demands. John Bender, in The Breakfast Club, is shown facing this crisis. Bender is depicted as a rebel and someone who picks on others. Bender is shown expressing himself to his classmates throughout the film and discovering his true self. Bender can overcome his identity crisis by talking about his feelings and being open to others. Bender finally overcomes the crisis and can instead of acting out, using drugs, set goals for the foreseeable future.

Marcia’s self-concept

The textbook discusses James Marcia’s concept of identity status. Marcia based her assessment of identity status on commitment and crisis. The “periods of role exploration, exploration, and active decision-making” are called “crisis”, while “commitment” is the “demonstration and continued personal involvement in areas such as religion, politics, or interpersonal relationships.” The text then states that Marcia’s identity classification includes identity achievement, foreclosure and moratorium. John Bender fits into the category of identity confusion in this example. The definition of identity confusion is a state that lacks commitment. This can be described as having a party mentality. These traits are consistent with Bender’s personality, which is not committed to extracurriculars or academics. Bender is also known to be a party-oriented individual, and has been seen using drugs as well as alcohol.

Although Bender is confused about his identity, he changes throughout the film and develops a new status. Claire and Bender are seen together at the end. These kinds of changes put Bender in the moratorium’s identity status. The textbook describes the moratorium as individuals who undergo exploration and experimentation to determine their roles. Bender can be seen exploring the world to find his place after he has opened up to others. John Bender starts with confusion as his identity and then becomes a moratorium.

Relationships with parents and siblings

Bender’s home was not a happy place, as we have already stated. Bender was abused by his father and an alcoholic. Bender’s addiction to drugs and delinquency is shown to have been caused by his messy family life. Bender’s father’s abuse of him emotionally, physically, and mentally is what eventually leads to his actions. To cope with his emotions, Bender bullies and disrespects others, and he also uses drugs. This conflict between Bender’s father and him is leading to rebellion. Although the conflict continues to rage, Bender’s rebellious tendencies begin to diminish after he is detained and allowed to speak to others. The film focuses on Bender’s relationship with his father. It is unclear if Bender is related to his father or siblings. It is also not clear what the relationships look like. The film doesn’t mention them, so we can assume that Bender is not affected by the siblings and mother.

Role of Romantic Relationships and Friendships

Bender has few friends at the start of the film. Bender takes pleasure in harassing and bullying others, which is why he didn’t have any friends. Bender, however, opens up to his fellow students during the film. Bender finds these students to be a way of venting. Prior to being detained, Bender was unable to talk to others about his feelings and had to be restrained. Bender can openly talk to other students and learn from his rebellious ways. Bender can also open up to Claire, the romantic relationship he has with her since detention. Claire gives him trust and security so that he can be himself. Bender can talk about his feelings and thoughts through friendships and romantic relationships.

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Marylin Monroe found herself lying on her back, face down, in bed with an empty prescription for her depression. Marilyn Monroe was left by her therapist on the evening August 4, 1962. His friend thought that she should stay with her overnight as he was concerned for her. Marylin was then left alone when Marilyn Monroe’s friend, who said she “seemed fine”, disagreed. The history of the story tells many stories, and there were many events that occurred that night that made it seem like the circumstances could have had many causes. Some view Marilyn Monroe’s suicide as accidental overdose. Other people see it in the form of murder. No one knows the details of what happened that night. Marylin Monroe took depression pills to kill herself, according to all we know.

Marilyn Monroe didn’t have the best childhood. Marilyn Monroe was brought up in a home with multiple foster parents. She started a modeling career in 1944. In 1946, 20th Century Fox signed her contract. These things made her a movie star and made her a successful financial entrepreneur. However, she was also typecast. It was tiring for her to be called “those girls” back then. It all depends on how you view her story. So what happened? Did it happen by accident, murder, or suicide? Each side has its own arguments, but the one that is most obvious is murder. Marilyn Monroe committed her suicide. Despite being intelligent and well-known, she had many difficulties in her career. At a young age, she was considered a typecast. She was also prone to stage fright, perfectionionism, anxiety, and other issues. She requested retakes until it was perfect. That is why people said that she was ‘difficult for her to work with’. Susan Doll writes that Marilyn fell into deep depression when she realized she had been responsible for the death of her childhood idol. This is a sign that Marilyn Monroe didn’t know how she felt after all the events in her life. It could have spiraled outof control. Then she felt the need to take her life.

She dealt with many personal issues, as well as her work problems. She was a widower after three failed marriages. She was a fighter with 20th Century Fox and demanded to be paid properly. She was tired being called “dumb blonde” so she didn’t want a role on The Misfits. She decided to take a year off acting while she started her own company. Arthur Miller was her husband, and she wed Arthur during this time. They got pregnant soon after, but the baby was lost. Moriah Gil states that “shortly thereafter, she had to be admitted for an accidental drug overdose.” Marilyn Monroe once overdosed, so why would you believe she would do it again. She was horrified at the sexism in her past and the fact she had to act again. She continued to use drugs in an attempt to cope. She ended up spending a week in hospital. Marilyn Monroe clearly has drug problems and has overdosed many times before.

Some may argue that it was accidental. Although no note was found, it does not mean that one wasn’t there. Marylin was found by her friend after she saw the death of Marylin. She might have thought the note was about her and not want the rest of the world to read it. Marilyn may not have wanted to leave the note. Marylin Monroe was a well-known figure in the world at that time. So what could she have written about? According to The Chicago Tribute, Miss Monroe expressed many times her desire to stop, withdraw and even die. Because of the extent of her research, it’s no point sharing a note. It is already known that Marilyn Monroe was having problems. Even if she wrote a note, sharing it is the best thing. The purpose of a suicide note, which is not intended for publication, is to provide comfort and support to the victims.

Marilyn Monroe was well-known wherever she went. Her death at age 36 shocked the world. She was suffering from mental, substance and depressive disorders. Marilyn Monroe found an empty sleeping pill bottle beside her bed.

Marilyn Monroe’s passing had an enormous impact. Her fame was greater than that of her acting career. An autopsy revealed that Marilyn Monroe died from complications beyond her control.

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Cecil B DeMille is the director of The Ten Commandments. It tells Moses’ story in biblical terms. Yoshebel saves her child by placing him in the basket of the Nile River. The Pharaoh’s daughter, Memnet, recognizes the baby as Hebrew and adopts him. Prince Moses will become a successful general.

Moses and Nefretiri find love but must marry each other. Moses altered the way slaves were treated, which led Prince Rameses II accusing him of plotting an insurrection. Moses claimed that he was encouraging workers to be productive or helping them. Rameses II, who is now the “deliverer”, has been wondering if he’s the one to blame for this. Nefretiri learned that Moses was a son to Hebrew through Memnet. She killed him later. Moses works with the workers to learn more about them. Nefretiri encourages him to go back to his homeland to assist his people. He agreed and finished his last task. Moses saved Joshua. He also confessed to being a Hebrew. However, Dathan heard Moses’ confession and informed Rameses II. Rameses II then arrested Moses. He stated that he wasn’t the Deliverer and would still free slaves if possible. Rameses II is declared the next Pharaoh. He banishes Moses from the dessert. He made it to Midian to rescue the seven Amalekites sisters. Moses’s house was then surrounded by Girls. Moses, however, marries Jethro and their daughter Sephora. He then saw Joshua again and saw the Mount Sinai firebomb. Then he heard God’s voice.

Moses returned to Egypt to liberate his Hebrew people. Moses and Rameses struggled with their people to free Hebrews. Their staff became cobras, even though Moses staff was better. Moses was saved by Nefretiri when he claimed that he was married. Moses used God’s help in stopping the Egyptians using a pillar o fire. Moses splits the Red Sea. The Hebrews are fighting for the other. Moses opens the flood gates and submerges the Egyptian army. Rameses, empty-handed, returns to Nefretiri and tells her that “His god IS God.” Moses climbs the mountain once more with Joshua. Dathan, impatient, asks the Hebrews for help in building a golden calf-idol to gift Rameses. Most Hebrews have an extravagant and debauched orgy. Moses saw in two stones tablets the Ten Commandments that God had created. The tablets are thrown by Moses at the golden calves, which explodes, killing those who were not wise. A forty-year-old Moses leads the Hebrews into Canaan. Joshua was his name.

The story has a lot conflict. Rameses I orders the killing of all male newborn babies in order to avoid the “deliverer” to the Hebrews. Bithia Rameses’s daughter was the one who found Moses. The main conflict for me is when Rameses II discovered that Moses was the Hebrew’s deliverer and decided he would fight him. This story illustrates how God’s will transcends all. This movie is a wonderful mirror of obedience and will. Moses could approve or detest the teachings of being delivered and still lead a normal, happy life. He didn’t. As a child and student I learned to obey God’s will and that of my parents. So, as to the ten commands, which are the spiritual mirror of how you should be a good disciple to God. Acceptance and obedience are key to being faithful and willing to accept what is fated for us.

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MWA1 – Scars & Masks: Who Better To Break the Bat?

Gritty reboots have come to all kinds of stories. Batman comics are not an exception. Although Batman’s story was dark and bleak in certain aspects, it maintained a cartoonish and comical tone throughout its many retellings. The Dark Knight Trilogy was a new Batman movie adaptation that Christopher Nolan created in the early 2000s. The Dark Knight Rises and The Dark Knight Rises had completely new interpretations of Bane, and the Joker. The Joker was made a more mysterious and chaotic madman. Bane was transformed into a similar terrorist mastermind. Bane and Joker are antagonists in both films. Like all villains they guide the movie towards a destructive and problematic end. The Joker is a different type of villain, however. He terrorizes Gotham City more than Batman. The Joker, with his simple and effective attack on Batman and Gotham City methods, is more powerful than Bane.

Gotham City has many great things. They are known for their unique cost-efficient inner cities transportation system and rampant criminality. The city would cease to exist if it didn’t have at least six muggings on each block. The city accepts that more crime is happening than can be stopped by an ominous caped crusader disguised as a flying rodent. People need to be worried only when there is an oddly-shaped criminal that stands taller than all the others. While it is preferable to wear a themed outfit and speak in an alien manner, this is not essential. Bane, the Joker, and Bane had the same goal of destroying Gotham. Bane wanted to kill Gotham in order for the League of Shadows to eradicate Gotham. But the Joker was simply after chaos. Bane used chaos to his advantage, causing a riot amongst the prisoners and allowing Bruce Wayne to take his entire arsenal. However, the Joker wanted the world’s view to reflect his sadistic nature. He wanted Batman break his only rule and to kill him. Bane wanted Gotham destroyed using a nuclear weapon. The Joker wanted Gotham killed. Bane devised a plan that would use terror and pain to accomplish his goal, but the Joker only had one motive: to make the world as insane as himself. The Joker makes a heap of money and burns the man alive, proving that he never sought riches. The Joker actually stole that money to fuel an economic crash and starve organized crime’s dogs. The Joker was also a highly successful villain because he didn’t tie himself to any backstory. Ra’s al Ghul’s child revealed Bane’s backstory. However, the Joker refuses to reveal his true backstory. The Joker uses two stories to explain the scars he has, each serving a different purpose. He tells a crime ringleader his father cut his mouth at the corners. This man reminds him of his father. This is a very suspenseful telling that strongly suggests the Joker’s plans for his victim. Rachel Dawson learns a different story about the Joker’s scars later, as he crashes a dinner party at Bruce Wayne’s home. This story has a bigger audience than he expected, and he needs to alter his goals. Rachel hears from him that his scars have been caused by self-mutilation.

The Joker is portrayed in this story as an obviously mentally unstable man. The Joker is able to make this assumption because he pretends to be a lunatic, but he has a thousand plans, with no clear goal. The Joker even tried to tell a third version of the story on Batman near the end, but it was too late. The Joker makes use of his lackluster background to his advantage. This can be used to instill fear in the victims or tactical advantage. Bane has a backstory, however. He is tied to the League of Shadows through his ties and connections to Ra’s al Ghul. These ties explain his motives and plans as well as his relation with other characters in this movie’s plot. Bane would not be able to benefit from the Joker’s information.

Last but not least, Bane and Joker have a final fight: breaking the Bat. The Batman is affected by both villains, but their methods are very different. Bane actually snaps the Bat’s back and places it on top of his knee. He then places Bruce Wayne in prison on the other side, forcing him to view a live broadcast of Gotham City being destroyed by Bane’s plans. The Joker, on his part, plans to mentally break Bruce Wayne by killing his girlfriend in an oil-fired explosion and then turning Harvey Dent over as a criminal. This is followed by the execution of Commissioner Gordon. Bruce must recover from his injuries and be stronger by following the methods of Bane. Bruce Wayne is so upset by the Joker’s tactics that he can no longer keep his Batman role. Batman tells Dent that he killed Dent because he had to save his son. This was to make Gotham see Dent more as a martyr for social injustice than the monster he turned out to be. Bruce, however, has to let the misery take its toll. Bruce’s death leaves him in deep depression, making him a recluse and making him a cold-blooded murderer. The Joker’s actions leave a lasting impression on Bruce Wayne. It also sets the scene for The Dark Knight Rises.

It is no surprise that the villains in both movies have done more damage to each other than the one they were portraying. Gotham police capture Joker, who has already devastated Gotham city’s economics, kidnapped an international dignitary, caused great distress to Batman, mentally damaged Gotham’s best attorney, and brutally murdered many politicians, cops, civilians, and other officials. He is a villain that can only be defeated when he is left alone. Batman, however, thwarted Bane’s plan. Bane was killed as a martyr because of his failed cause. The Joker proves that terroristism, with all its untold deaths and inhumane cruelty, can work. This fact haunts Bane and may be his most infamous trick.

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Chris Columbus directs “Bicentennial Man”, a story that focuses on the life of an android man, who has the purpose of serving humans. Sir Richard Martin, the robot’s owner, discovered that his robot was capable of processing complex human emotions and was able to fix it. The story examines consciousness and its complex implications. Andrew, a robot, lives for another 200 years. It is here that he starts to understand and interpret all that comes with being human. He develops relationships with people and displays a strong, yet subtle, sense of empathy and emotional awareness. These experiences provide a wealth of insight into the nature of being conscious and human.

To understand how the story developed, it is important to learn and understand Isaac Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics. The first law states that robots may not inflict any injury on humans. The second law requires that they obey all human orders, except those that directly conflict with the first. The third law says that robots must protect their own existence and livelihood as long as they do not violate the first two laws. Andrew eventually makes it into the Martin clan and continues to grow with them over time. Andrew develops a deep and strong attachment to “Little Miss” as he becomes more emotionally involved with her. When Sir tells his son that he must go to the family, he begins to have difficulty following the second law. The program functions become compellingly empathic. Andrew finds it difficult to leave the family because he has formed a close, curious relationship with them and is now attached. He is forced to leave the family and begins to feel a loss. He also loses his confidence in himself. (Cooper 234). However, he realizes the depth and extent of his own consciousness. This is his main goal: to become more human-like and attain human status. Columbus faces the reality of existence and chooses to focus on the symbolic efforts he makes at acquiring human-like characteristics. Andrew discovers how to be utterly amazed by freedom, family and friendship. (Cooper, 226)

The journey of the robot is symbolized when he seeks out other robots who are similar to him. This represents a significant portion of the human experience. We use this sequence to gain insight into our world, and how we fit in. The essence of humankind is in a present engagement with oneself and how they relate to others. It is an integral part of human existence that determines how and with whom humans exist. Andrew comes across a robot that looks almost exactly like a women and can even perform human-like dance moves. Andrew is drawn to her presence and longs to find out more about their lives and the ways they perceive each other. He exclaims, “I cannot believe I found you.” (Cooper, 222) She says that she knew that her uniqueness was from the beginning. But, he continues to speak with her and he learns that her personality is just a program that allows her to feel a sense of self-regard.

She symbolizes the complex realization that Isaac Asimov, the film’s director, and the author of the original short story, tried to inject into the story. Humanity is seen as more than an extension and expression of personality. It is also an indication of consciousness and the ability of humans to think about the value and significance of life. The robot goes so far as to say that personality is better than intelligence.

(Cooper. 224) This is an extensive point that the directors make about humanity. It is also a point which recurs throughout the story. Andrew’s empathy and higher level consciousness are evident at many points. He undergoes more surgeries as he tries to be human-like and has to deal with issues that are orchestrated in part by the World Legislature. This council determines if an entity can be considered a person or not.

Andrew must endure significant legal and political drama in order to get his humanity recognized. This is often halted. Many of his opponents consider him a human. They argue that while the prosthetics he gets make him look human in many aspects, it doesn’t suffice to call him human. They say he must perform all human functions. This is the crucial moment. Andrew searches for a robotic surgeon. His goal is to change the state of his brain, so it eventually degrades. The operation will enable him to live until he is 200 years old, he says. The World Legislature declares him human, signing a bill on his two-hundredth birth anniversary and then declaring him a male. (Roberts. 36) His consciousness fades as he tries his best to recall what made him human.

The main purpose of the article “The Mechanics of the Bicentennial Man”, written by Dave Neil, is to interpret the movie’s key elements and understand how the filmmakers and writers arrived at the interpretation of the meaning of existence.

The central question that the author wants to address is whether people can simply define themselves by their appearances or if there’s something more. (Neill, 11)

This article contains the most important information about Andrew and his character. The author also makes comparisons to other characters such as human legislators who refuse admit their humanity to Andrew or the dancing robot, a female, who he initially believes is a bit like him.

This article draws the main conclusions and inferences that Andrew was conscious of his own self-awareness. He also had empathetic tendencies as well as complex abilities to comprehend the significance of people and events in his life. These themes grew as he discovered his humanity.

The main concepts we need to understand are that humans are not defined only by what they look like, but by how they feel and act. The author says that how we perceive the world and its significant events defines us.

The author thinks empathy is the main characteristic that shows humanity’s capabilities.

This logic can help us understand the complexities of human nature more clearly and to see that their intrinsic value is what defines them.

This reasoning must be taken seriously if we are to avoid a world where many people will be predisposed toward inhumanity.

The article’s central point of view is that Andrew uses his reflections to show his humanity and to help reinforce his actual human-like characteristics.

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Louis Armstrong was instrumental in the development and birth of jazz music since its beginnings. His career began in 1920, when jazz music was just beginning to be formed. Louis’s 5 decade-long career in jazz has been almost like a bookend to jazz’s rise, fall, and decline. Louis would have been a great inspiration for many of today’s jazz styles, forms, and improvisation. Louis was a key figure in the lives of all jazz musicians at all times and styles. His profound contribution is unrivalled. His ability to entertain, perform and create music that touches the soul is a permanent part of American and international history.

Louis Armstrong was born in a difficult life situation. He was also born during a political time period. It is believed that Armstrong beat the odds. Louis was brought up in New Orlean by his mother. After his father left him at an early stage, his mother raised him. Growing up, his father abandoned him at an early age. A kind Jewish family provided Louis with odd jobs and he learned to love the cornet. After an unfortunate incident with a shotgun, Louis Armstrong went to the Waif’s home, a house for troubled kids like orphanages. Music was his lifeline and it saved his life. Louis was inspired to master the cornet in the Waif home. Joey Oliver was a New Orleans cornetist that he admired. Oliver was a father figure to Louis and helped him get a place in Kid Ory’s pacesetting band. Louis learned how to read music and grew as musician there. He developed a lovely tone and a broad range. This was when he really became a jazz musician.

Louis never stopped. He moved to New York later and revolutionized jazz improvisation and performance. Most jazz soloists used to accent staccato phrases, kept their melodies close, and used repetitive double-time phrases. Louis changed everything. Instead of using staccato phrases, he used legato and made every note count. He also created space for drama and built his solos up to a climax. His music was meant to tell a story. Louis emphasized the blues vibe in every song. His voice was expressive, his tone beautiful and his voice was like a human being.

Louis Armstrong’s jazz improvisation was the standard for all jazz musicians until the dawn of the bebop. Louis Armstrong was the first trumpet player to switch permanently from the cornet in 1926. Louis recorded many recordings in the 1920s with his band. These recordings were where he learned to be a great singer and songwriter. He was known for his distinctive gravelly voice and phrased his melodies as if they were horn solos. Scat singing was invented by him during one recording session with Ella Fitzgerald. Scat became a major part of Jazz music and has been a defining characteristic ever since.

Louis Armstrong was not only a great performer and composer of jazz standards, but he also took American songbook pieces from Gershwin and Porter and added jazz interpretations to them. His ability to entertain was unparalleled. He was funny as well as serious. He became a household name and a worldwide sensation touring Europe. Louis, as well as other black Jazz musicians before him, preferred performing and living in Europe due to the lack of racial prejudices or persecution.

Joe Glaser, Louis Armstrong’s manager was a key factor in his success. Louis hired a white manager, with mob ties, to be his manager. It was smart because he was working and playing in a country where blacks were frequently discriminated against. Joe Glaser allowed Louis Armstrong to achieve great success in his career and after his passing. Joey Oliver, a black musician, didn’t have that luxury and died poor and destitute.

Louis Armstrong will be forever remembered as one the greatest jazz musicians and composers of all time.

His influence was great on many jazz soloists. After his death, he helped to change jazz improvisation and to develop his unique style of vocal and instrumental improv. He was a bright, cheerful man who refused to dwell on negative things and instead embraced the beauty of the world.

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Life is full of many experiences. There are many events that leave behind both good and bad memories. Some memories, no matter how positive or negative, are difficult to erase. It is possible to delete a memory completely and forget its reality.

My mind is still fresh after watching “Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind”. Clementine Krusky, the outward-looking Jol Baris, met Clementine at an event and became a couple. They live their lives in sweet and bittersweet quarrels. Joel was surprised when Clementine, Clementine’s ex-girlfriend, didn’t recognize Joel on Valentine’s Day 2004. Clementine was an impulsive original and couldn’t handle the pain from their quarreling. She went to Lacuna INC. They are a clinic that helps people erase past memories. Clementine was also able to erase her memory about Joel. Joel couldn’t understand Clementine’s ineptness, and couldn’t bear the pain. He went to Lacuna INC as well to request Dr. Howard’s help to erase Clementine’s memories. Everyone can only think of one thing after a failed love: to erase the memory of the other person from their minds. Like childhood shame or sorrow, they are placed in the corner, hoping to never be touched again. Mary used the Nietzsche quote in “Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind” to explain that if there is a clinic, it is possible to remove the undesirable part of the patient’s brain using unimaginable high tech. What about Valentine’s Day? Will you visit the patient after your loss of love has ended? Is it necessary to forget the terrible past? When confronted with close friends, he decides to flee. It seems that he is happy and unaware of his innocence. Is there anyone else who thinks that nothing has actually happened? This question mark is what the film’s core is about. This answers to the core of the movie, “Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind”. It is the reinterpretation of memory in light of mental states and emotions. This aspect of the work memory argues the experience of forgetting/remembering as it has been described by neuroscience. Emotion refers to an individual’s subjective perception of how they feel about the objective world and whether it is able to satisfy their needs. Doctor Howard explained that erasing memory is a procedure. When the emotional core is removed, it causes brain damage. This means that memories are linked very closely with emotions, so it makes sense to eliminate the emotion. Although Howard tries to reassure us, it is actually brain damage. Joel started to remember what he had done. Joel initially felt uneasy and pained when he was reminded of his quarrels with Clementine. He then remembered the great times with Clementine. He was happy to go with them to Frzee Charles. Clementine made him feel precious. He couldn’t forget the woman that he loved. Because he was so emotional, he wanted to end the procedure. He became confused and opened his eyes. Joel and Clementine were still the same person after their memories were erased. Clementine was just like Clementine. She became scared, confused, and miserable because the memories were erased. Joel was her Montauk meeting and she found joy. Both these examples suggest that memories can be reinterpreted according to mental and emotion states. Neuroscience plays a significant role in studying memory. Many other theories also suggest that memory reinterpretation can occur in light emotional and mental states. Memory theory can be compared to many other sources, including Daniel Schacter’s Searching for Memory, Engel’s Context is All, and Radiolab. These theories can be used to analyze the theory and make comparisons. Daniel notes in “Schacter’s Searching for Memory Engel’s context is Everything” how researchers often ask people to recall their most joyful or saddest moments. Surprisingly, people often feel emotional when they remember sad events. However, people who remember happy moments can feel almost immediately elated. Emotion plays a significant role in memory. The emotional characteristics of a stimulus can affect how we process memory and perceive memory. Happy emotions will bring back happy memories while sad emotions will recall painful memories. This example shows that memory can be reinterpreted in light of emotional and mental state. Radio lab has another example that shows how memories can be reinterpreted in light of emotional and mental states. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology in USA used a mild electric shock on mice to examine the genetic mechanism of memory. The mouse became very afraid of the special cage within a matter of minutes. They trembled the next time they entered it. Because the cage causes fear in the mouse, the next time they enter it, they will be able to recall the feeling. The fear of electric shocked reminded the rat of its cage so when he enters it again, he will tremble. Mice have a terrible memory of the cage. This illustrates how reinterpreting memories can be difficult in light of emotional and mental state.

All evidence supports that memory reinterpretation can be done in light emotional and mental states. Contemporary neuroscience has allowed researchers to examine the link between emotion, remembering and forgetting. It is a very flexible memory, which makes it difficult to study in the lab. Researchers have different opinions about how to induce certain emotions. All of these are obstacles to research. Neurological research is still trying to understand the relationship between memory and emotion.

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Madeleine L’Engle’s tale “A Wrinkle in Time”, Meg Murray is 13 years old and has many insecurities. Meg is the “ugly duckling,” as one could call her. She is not intelligent, average, nor pretty. Charles Wallace, Meg’s younger sibling, is the one who sets off on an exciting and lengthy journey. Meg struggles to do her homework at school. Teachers also bully Meg because she reacts differently to her father’s death. Meg was not able to accept the fact that her father had disappeared. So she and Charles Wallace, Charles’ brother, and Calvin set off to find her father. Then, they had the challenge of confronting the greatest evil of all, IT. Charles was forced to submit to IT to find their father and to learn how to reach him. Charles became lost under the IT pressure and Meg was unable to see her true self. Meg’s true character development comes when she confronts IT to save her brother. This is because of her love. Meg chose this path because of her brother’s love and maturity, along with her awareness that she is unique in many ways.

Meg understood that her older sister had always been responsible for protecting her baby brother. She feels like she didn’t do her job due to her insecurity. We can see that Meg has a strong relationship with Charles because they have “differences.” Charles too has empathy for Meg. He can always recognize when they are struggling or when they need him. They were able to bond stronger and closer because Meg and Charles loved one another despite being different. Meg is dependent on her brother, Charles, to help her overcome obstacles. It is evident that Meg was constantly holding onto her brother to help her do anything. We can see that Meg relied a lot on Charles during their journey. L’Engle says, “They could only see drifting whiteness, while the moisture clung tightly to them, condensed into icy droplets.” As Meg shivered, Calvin’s grip tightened. Charles Wallace sat still in front Meg. “L’Engle 50) He once again turned, just long enough for her to catch a glance of tenderness. As you can see, Meg relies heavily on Charles’ leadership and warmth for her guidance and protection. Meg didn’t realize her brother was being kept under IT’s wing until Meg decided to take her role as older sibling. Meg’s deep love and appreciation for Charles was what prompted her courage and faced her greatest fear: insecurities. Charles might have left Meg with more time, but Meg loved Charles so much that she was willing to accept the leadership role. Meg realizes that she is special because she can love, and this will lead to her heroic acts. Meg is now a mature woman by the time Charles Wallace is saved. L’Engle wrote that Meg had said, “Please.” “Please, if necessary, I would like to leave. It becomes more difficult every time you delay” (153). Meg is already a stronger person and a more independent leader. Because of Charles Wallace’s example, she can now face this task alone. Charles Wallace was the true strength of her character. She loved her family and all of her friends. Meg was right to realize that IT was smarter and more powerful than her. It was then that she began to recall everything her friends had said and realized that IT wouldn’t have. She was able to see the truth in her differences, and to realize that she had many people who loved and cared about her. We see her love for IT when she confronts it. IT had not had this…She had love for them. If she could give love …” (159). Her strength was love and her love of others was what led to her saving her brother. Meg said, “Her own Charles Wallace. The real Charles Wallace. She had returned to Camazotz to IT to find the child she loved. This baby was so much more than her and yet so vulnerable. This was the scene that allowed us to see her full development. Meg discovered that she could love and receive love back.

Meg had some difficulties maturing and forming her character. However she made a decision which could have ended her life. Only after she learned the power of being a person she loved, was she able finally to beat IT. This was her greatest contribution to personal exploration. Meg lost Charles, her most important friend, and became an adult. The Meg we first met was a totally different Meg. Meg was more than just facing IT. By facing her own fears, she became a better person.

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